Selected educational differentiation principles and Tomlinson’s model adapted to RFL teaching


  • Martina Frank



In an increasingly heterogenic and individualized world, it has become indispensable to transmit this societal diversity into the classroom (cf. Haß, 2017, 45). The construct of differentiation and/or individualization, although praised to be the ideal way of dealing with heterogeneity, however, is often misunderstood or seen as too difficult to realize at school. Meeting the needs of a multitude of students can be overwhelming and difficult to assess, thereby often crippling its implementation (cf. Lavania & Nor, 2020). The following article attempts to provide clarity and practicality through an overview of selected principles behind differentiation and ideas as to how to concretely apply them to the Russian as a foreign language (RFL) classroom.